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虚拟机VMWARE中ORACLE License的计算方式

时间:2014-08-30

Oracle License的计算有两种方式:按照用户数和CPU个数. 其中按CPU计算方式如下:

License Number = The Number of CPU Cores  *  Core Factor

其中Core Factor 可以参考官方文档 Oracle Processor Core Factor

如果Oracle 安装在VMWARE 上,是否也是按照这个方式计算呢? 也就是说,在虚拟机VMWARE上Oracle的License计算是否也是按照分配CPU核数来计算的呢? 关于虚拟机上ORACLE的License计算,ORACLE 引入了下面 Soft partitioning (软分区)和Hard partitioning (硬分区)概念(如下所示),而且明确规定 VMware是软分区,并且规定Soft partitioning is not permitted as a means to determine or limit the number of software licenses required for any given server。

也就是说在一台物理机上,假如如下所示,虚拟了一台Linux服务器做Oracle Database Server, 虚拟了另外一台Windows服务器做SQL Server服务器,物理机上有2个物理CPU,每个4 Core,平均分配给这两个服务器,此时Oracle的License计算是

License Number = 2* 4*0.5= 4 而不是  License Number = 1*4*0.5= 2.

也就是说,不管是分配两核、四核、多核给Oracle 数据库服务器,Oracle License的计算都不以分配的核数计算,而是以物理机CPU核数来计算。

这样虽然不合理,但是也没有办法。至于为什么Oracle在VMWARE上这样计算License,就不得而知了。有可能是处于商业战略考虑,也有可能是处于打击商业对手。

http://www.oracle.com/us/corporate/pricing/partitioning-070609.pdf

Oracle Partitioning Policy

"Partitioning" occurs when the CPUs on a server are separated into individual sections where each section acts as a separate system. Sometimes this is called “segmenting.” There are several hardware and software virtualization technologies available that deliver partitioning capabilities, with varying degree of resource allocation flexibility.

The purpose of this policy document is to define which of these partitioning technologies is deemed to be Soft, Hard or an Oracle Trusted Partition, and under what conditions Oracle permits them as a means to determine or limit the number of Oracle Processor licenses required for a given server, i.e., to license a sub-capacity of total physical cores as an exception from the contractual Oracle Processor definition. Oracle may modify the definitions and conditions specified in this document from time to time.

There are two main types of partitioning available:

Soft Partitioning:

Soft partitioning segments the operating system using OS resource managers. The operating system limits the number of CPUs where an Oracle database is running by creating areas where CPU resources are allocated to applications within the same operating system. This is a flexible way of managing data processing resources since the CPU capacity can be changed fairly easily, as additional resource is needed.

Examples of such partitioning type include: Solaris 9 Resource Containers, AIX Workload Manager, HP Process Resource Manager, Affinity Management, Oracle VM, and VMware

Soft partitioning is not permitted as a means to determine or limit the number of software

licenses required for any given server.

查看本栏目更多精彩内容:http://www.bianceng.cn/Servers/virtualization/